The Chic guitarist informed fans of his condition via his blog at Nilerodgers.com.
Writing on the site, Rodgers, 58, said he has undergone surgery in an attempt to remove the disease.
“On October 27, 2010, I found out I had aggressive cancer. In an instant, everything in my happy-music universe imploded,” Rodgers wrote. “After consulting with numerous doctors, I decided to have radical surgery to try and remove the cancer in its entirety.
“I told only a handful of people because I didn’t want to worry anyone, especially, my family around the holidays. I did everything as usual – as best I could – until one day I couldn’t. My hand had sudden muscle loss and a number of stressful events followed. I’ve just returned home from the hospital and want to explain my recent disappearance to everybody and share my appreciation of life, music and people.”
Rodgers said the past few months have been “the most terrifying period of my life”, although he added that he has been going on daily walks in an attempt to keep positive.